Helligkorsgade, Kølding, DK (built 1589; photo from WikimediaCommons by User:Mahlum, 2006)
Danish Demes
a Regional DNA Project for Danish Americans and Danes around the World
Borches gård, Kolding, DK (built 1595; photo from WikimediaCommons by User:Mahlum, 2006)
 
Lineages and Results of mtDNA Testing for Haplogroup U
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H (20 + 3) J (2) K (7) T (7) U (13) V (4)
Mitochondrial DNA Haplogroup U5 is the oldest group of modern humans in Europe.  They were there before the Last Glacial Maximum and would have encountered, if not extinguished, the Neanderthals.  Today Haplogroup U is about 11% of modern Europeans and are most common in western Britain and Scandinavia. 

In the trivia department, the earliest complete skeleton found in Britain is dated to about 9000 years ago.  It is the skeleton of a young man found in a cave in Cheddar, Somerset, England (and was thus dubbed, "Cheddar Man").  Testing of mtDNA extracted from a molar shows he is Haplogroup U5a (HVR1= 192T, 270T).  Twenty-eight living local residents of Cheddar were also tested, and two of them had the exact same mutations as Cheddar Man, while one other individual had a single additional mutation.

So far, we have 12 Danish Demes project members who are some form of Haplogroup U:
Subclade Deme Earliest Known Matrilineal Ancestor _n_
U2 1 HANSEN — of København, DK 1
2 Karen Pedersdatter (c1760- ) — of Vejle, Vejle Amt, DK 1
U4 3 Karen Nielsdatter (1797-1829) — of Sandvig, Mern Sogn, Bårse Herred, Præstø Amt, DK 1
U5 4 Maren Katrine HANSEN (c1845- ) — of Odense Amt, DK 1
5 HANSEN [awaiting lineage] —of DK  1
6 Karen Pedersdatter (c1810s- ) — of Skelby, Skelby Sogn, Falster Sønder Herred, Maribo Amt, DK 1
7 Ingeborg BERTELSEN (1870-1952) — of Neder Kestrup, Hopstrup Sogn, Haderslev Herred, Haderslev Amt, DK 1
8 Ane Nielsdatter (c1820- ) — of Odense Amt, DK 3
U5a1 9 LARSEN (c1870- ) — of Nakskov, Nakskov Sogn, Lollands Nørre, Maribo Amt, DK 1
U5b2 10 Johanne Jensdatter (1760- ) — of Viborg Amt, DK 1

Haplogroup U2
Deme 1
Kit # MitoSearch
UserID
Differences from the Cambridge Reference Sequence FGS Known Lineage
HVR1 HVR2
145217   51G, 92C, 129C, 182C, 183C, 189C, 362C, 519C     Pvt2, HANSEN1 — of København, DK 
This individual has over 70 HVR1 matches in the FTDNA database.  I recommend testing HVR2 to see if any of these matches are significant.

Deme 2
Kit # MitoSearch
UserID
Differences from the Cambridge Reference Sequence FGS Known Lineage
HVR1 HVR2
N43228 QFGTC 51G, 129C, 182C, 183C, 189C, 362C, 519C 73G, 146C, 152C, 217C, 263G, 309.1C, 315.1C, 508G   Pvt7, Pvt6, Enger Karine5 MILLER, Hedevig Elisabeth4 JØRGENSEN, Karen Henriksen3 SLOTT, Kristiane2 KRAGE, Karen Pedersdatter1 (c1760- ) — of Vejle, Vejle Amt, DK
This individual has dozens of matches in her HVR1 region, but her combined HVR1+HVR2 haplotype is rare, with no full matches in the FTDNA or mitoSearch databases.  The mutation that is preventing her from having at least a few full matches is 146C in HVR2.

Haplogroup U4
Deme 3
Kit # MitoSearch
UserID
Differences from the CRS FGS Known Lineage
HVR1 HVR2
67908 PE23X 134T, 172C, 356C, 362C, 519C     Pvt [awaiting lineage] Karen Nielsdatter1 (1797-1829) — of Sandvig, Mern Sogn, Bårse Herred, Præstø Amt, DK
This individual has no matches in the FTDNA database and only one near match at mitoSearch.

Haplogroup U5
Deme 4
Kit # MitoSearch
UserID
Differences from the Cambridge Reference Sequence FGS Known Lineage
HVR1 HVR2
140774 75S48 114A, 192T, 256T, 270T, 294T, 526A 73G, 263G, 309.1C, 315.1C   Pvt… [awaiting lineage] Maren Katrine HANSEN (c1845- ) — of Odense Amt, DK
This individual has nearly 200 matches in HVR1, plus several dozen matches in HVR1+HVR2.
Deme 5
Kit # MitoSearch
UserID
Differences from the CRS FGS Known Lineage
HVR1 HVR2
N24884   129A, 256T, 270T, 311C, 399G     Pvt… [awaiting lineage] HANSEN — of DK
#24884 has a handful of matches in HVR1, none in the project.
Deme 6
Kit # MitoSearch
UserID
Differences from the CRS FGS Known Lineage
HVR1 HVR2
109959   182G, 189C, 192T, 270T, 526A     Pvt5, Pvt4, Karen Christina Magreta3 HANSEN, Kirsten Pedersen2 SKOV, Karen Pedersdatter1 (c1810s- ) — of Skelby, Skelby sogn, Falster Sønder herred, Maribo Amt, DK
This individual has just a handful of matches in the FTDNA database.
Deme 7
Kit # mitoSearch
User ID
Differences from the CRS FGS Known Lineage
HVR1 HVR2
66613   183C, 189C, 270T, 519C     Pvt3, Anne Marie2 HEISELBERG, Ingeborg1 BERTELSEN — of Neder Kestrup, Hopstrup Sogn, Haderslev Herred, Haderslev Amt, DK
#66613 has an uncommon HVR1 haplotype with fewer than two dozen matches in the FTDNA database.
Deme 8
Kit # MitoSearch
UserID
Differences from the CRS FGS Known Lineage
HVR1 HVR2
N53848 QRWYN 270T, 304C 73G, 150T, 228A, 263G, 315.1C   Pvt… [awaiting lineage] Ane Nielsdatter1 (c1820- ) — of Odense Amt, DK
N54795 PRKGG   Pvt… [awaiting lineage] Ane Nielsdatter1 (c1820- ) — of Odense Amt, DK
140773     Pvt… [awaiting lineage] Ane Nielsdatter1 (c1820- ) — of Odense Amt, DK
In the FTDNA database, these three individuals have a full match with one another, but otherwise match only three individuals in HVR1 and one other person HVR1+HVR2 (as of 7 Jun 2010).  They have some near matches at Ysearch, but no full matches.

Haplogroup U5a1
Deme 9 
Kit # MitoSearch
UserID
Differences from the Cambridge Reference Sequence FGS Known Lineage
HVR1 HVR2
172582 J3TE2 192T, 256T, 270T, 291T, 399G 73G, 263G, 315.1C Yes  Pvt… [awaiting lineage] LARSEN (c1870- ) — of Nakskov, , Nakskov Sogn, Lollands Nørre, Maribo Amt, DK
In the FTDNA database, this individual has hundreds of HVR1 matches and dozens of HVR1+HVR2 matches, but no FGS matches.

Haplogroup U5b2
Deme 10
Kit # MitoSearch
UserID
Differences from the Cambridge Reference Sequence FGS Known Lineage
HVR1 HVR2
N44130 VGGFJ 114T,  224C, 270T 73G, 150T, 263G, 279C, 315.1C, 517T Yes Pvt… [awaiting lineage] Johanne Jensdatter1 (1760- ) — of Overlund, Viborg Amt, DK
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Memorial stone for King Erik I (c1060-1103), a.k.a., 'Erik the Good' or Erik Ejegod; Borgvold, Viborg Amt, DK (photo from WikimediaCommons by User:Calvin, 2007).
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Viking burial ground (700-1150 CE), Lindholm Høje, Aalborg Amt, DK (photo from WikimediaCommons by User:Bunnyfrosch, 2007).

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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